Most outsourcing projects are created using methodologies that are frequently referred to as “flexible” (Agile). These approaches are typically far too adaptable and used to meet a wide range of client needs. Furthermore, businesses that engage in outsourcing frequently describe themselves as “Agile-oriented” and emphasize this orientation to clients.
Whether a project is Agile or not, risk management is always the first step in the process. Project risk management is crucial for all projects, but because Agile methodologies integrate risk considerations in their prioritization process, it is more important for these kinds of projects.
In Agile project management, a cycle of four procedures is primarily used to control risk. The four risk management strategies for Agile projects are risk identification, risk assessment, response consideration, and review analysis.
Identifying Risks in Agile Risk Management
To regulate projects, risk identification, and management is critical. When identifying hazards, a variety of strategies can be applied. Several notable methods for identifying risks that Agile practitioners employ include thorough risk checklists, document reviews, the study of assumptions and limitations, and more. In order to accomplish the goal of controlling and minimizing risk, the project manager should not only encourage the entire team to identify the risks involved but also give them the criteria to be followed in risk identification.
The rules that Agile team members must take into account while detecting risk in Agile risk management are listed below.
- During the first phase of developing an Agile project, the product manager and the Agile team discuss the needs and any problems that could arise during delivery. While examining the requirements, team members ought to consider the risks associated with putting the requirements into practice.
- The team should estimate the size of stories during the Agile project development estimates phase. They ought to take into account the level of detail in the stories because the hazards increase with story size.
- Risk identification is a process that begins with iteration planning. To lower the chance of failure, the Agile team should only take on projects in which they are confident.
Risk Assessment Strategies
During each iteration review, team members working on an Agile project should talk with stakeholders about potential risks and provide clarifications. The group needs to evaluate the risks associated by taking stock of the project’s current condition and the experiences they had during the iteration.
Agile practitioners employ the following efficient risk assessment methods while managing Agile projects.
A risk census is a basic framework for examining a project’s exposure to risk. The probability and the impact of the risk factors are calculated for each risk. The effect may be felt in terms of money, time, or both. Here, the risk-related delay in the project’s process time is measured in terms of days. To determine the “risk” of a project, the probability and impact are multiplied to determine the risk exposure, and the total risk is then monitored.
The purpose of a risk board is to inform the team and stakeholders about the risks associated with a project. The hazards that have been identified are shown on the risk board, along with their impacts and probability. The project manager and members of the Agile team should review this board every day during stand-up meetings.
Risk Burn Down Chart
This straightforward graphical representation of the project’s risk trends is called a risk burn-down chart. The risk’s exposure, impact, and reaction are shown in this chart. The status of the risk factors is updated over time to inform the members of the Agile team of the progress made and the remaining work to be done in terms of risk control.
Agile Risk Management: How to Manage Risk in Agile?
Examining the risk responses comes next in a project after the risks have been identified and evaluated. Four general categories of response actions are available based on the risks.
- Avoid: In certain situations, if a specific story poses a risk, the avoid strategy may be applied to eliminate it from the backlog. However, because it depends on how important the story is to the project, this isn’t always possible.
- Mitigate: The Agile team employs this strategy to attempt to lessen the likelihood of the risks occurring, their impact, or both. If a group knows its “velocity,” they can forecast how much work they can complete in an iteration. By doing this, the possibility of over-committing or under-committing during the planning iterations is reduced.
- Transfer: The risk is shifted to a different party by using the transfer strategy. Assigning work to a third party, or “outsourcing,” is a transfer strategy that is frequently used. Transferring risks does not, however, totally remove the risk. This is referred to as residual risk, and it needs to be managed as well.
- Accept: By employing the accept strategy, one voluntarily chooses to live with the risk as it materializes. This tactic is typically applied to risks with smaller impact or probability.
Agile Project Management’s Risk Review Process
The term “risk review” refers to the forum or gathering used to discuss project risks. Agile project management techniques such as daily standup meetings, planning sessions, scrum-of-scrums, etc. can also provide a forum for risk review.
Benefits of an Agile Approach to Risk Management
An Agile method is naturally well-suited to handling risks. In most cases, risks are closely linked to uncertainty in a project, and the goal of an Agile approach is to be adaptable and flexible when handling uncertainty. Because of this, it is simpler to adjust to risks in an Agile setting while the project is underway.
Need for Agile Risk Management
Risk management is crucial for any efficient project management workflow. In an Agile environment, risk management can easily slip from your mind because there isn’t a clear focal point or point of accountability. In an Agile project, there is usually no project manager at the team level, and risk management is typically the responsibility of project management.
In an Agile setting, risk management is the team’s collective responsibility. Likewise, project management is the collective responsibility of the team. Another factor is that, because an Agile approach is more risk-adaptive, there is often a tendency to take a “cavalier” approach to risk avoidance, but this need not be the case. Depending on the situation, you can implement as much or as little risk management as needed.
There are numerous benefits to using an agile approach for risk management. Agile is a very useful process for a lot of software projects. Considering how quickly technology is developing, every team’s plan will inevitably take some detours. Teams shouldn’t try to completely prevent risk in software development, though, as it cannot be avoided. To better understand risk and prepare the team for impact—or, better yet, lessen the blow—they should instead implement a risk-oriented Agile development process.