26 Different Types of Agile Methodology [Proven Lists]

Organizations seeking to enhance efficiency within their software development teams often use several types of agile methodology. Software development teams use agile methodologies to enhance efficiency and encourage cooperation with the intended software user or customer. It is not uncommon for software development teams to come across issues they can fix using the methodologies. The methodologies and techniques divide projects into distinct parts and use the phases to manage a project.

There must be continuous improvement and ongoing collaboration with stakeholders at each stage. After a job begins, teams plan, implement, and assess. For instance, when teams use several types of agile models in software engineering, it helps them work more effectively across the development process’s spectrum.

Agile methodologies help teams create more effective preliminary planning and ensure early or timely delivery of the end products. You might ask, how many agile methodologies are there? There are numerous methodologies. In this article, we explain the benefits of the top 26 different types of agile methodology.

Different types of agile methodology

We have broken down diverse methodologies like Scrum, Kanban, and Extreme Programming to empower your project management. Whether you’re a novice or an expert this blog will help you to discover proven agile methodologies.

1.  Scrum

The Scrum agile methodology is a popular agile framework that is lightweight and easy to learn. However, unlike the other agile methodologies, it is more challenging to master. The “Scrum framework” comprises various roles, processes, artifacts, events, and rules meant to direct teams while carrying out projects. The three pillars of inspection, adaptation, and transparency is responsible for the theory behind scrum. Apart from these pillars, scrum also recognizes five fundamental values: courage, focus, commitment, openness, and respect. Scrum masters, product owners, and developers make up scrum teams.

2.  Extreme Programming

This type of agile methodology, also referred to as “eXtreme Programming” or “XP,” concentrates on software development. The Scrum agile methodology prioritizes work at the project management levels while soliciting feedback, whereas XP focuses on the best practices for developing software. Its core values are respect, courage, communication, feedback, and simplicity. XP teams use “user stories” to organize their iterations and releases. The user stories are short requirements. Developers write code pairs throughout the iterations, usually two weeks long. The iterations used to demonstrate technology methods are called architectural spikes. Spikes are periods of effort that XP teams conduct to eradicate issues and threats. Extreme Programming specifies the team roles as tester, customer, and coach.

3.  Lean Product Development

Lean Product Development

In the strictest sense, lean is not an agile methodology, but the lean approach is much like agile. This is one of the types of agile methodology in agile that traces routes to the Toyota Production System that the car maker created to improve Henry Ford’s mass production system for making cars. It began as a manufacturing strategy and was then extended to software development. Finally, Lean was expanded to encompass distinct kinds of knowledge work. When talking about Lean in agile settings, we refer to a branch of lean called “lean product development.” It concentrates on producing new and enhanced goods rather than the initial lean production methodologies concentrating on manufacturing items. The main tenets of lean product development include:

  • The use of visual management tools.
  • The identification of customer-defined value.
  • Building in continuous improvement and learning.

4.  Feature-Driven Development

Abbreviated as FDD, this is an effective and easy-to-understand method for creating solutions or products. Project teams using this type of agile methodology initially create the product’s general model and develop a list of features. After that, they schedule the work. The team then proceeds to the design and construction stages to develop the features. Feature-driven development suggests an assortment of best practices inspired by software engineering. They include domain object modeling, individual class ownership, feature teams, inspections, configuration management, results and progress visibility, and regular builds.

5.  Dynamic Systems Development Method

This is among the initial types of agile methodology introduced. DSDM had a prescriptive and precise beginning. It has eight guiding concepts: concentrating on the business need, delivering on time, collaborating, never compromising quality, developing interactively, building from firm foundations incrementally, communicating clearly and continuously, and demonstrating control. DSDM has influenced agile growth by promoting agile appropriateness criteria, early architectural considerations, and agile contracts.

6.  Kanban


Kanban is a lean workflow management methodology used to design, monitor, and enhance information work delivery offerings. Using it lets you visualize your job, enhance productivity, and improve continuously. This type of agile methodology originated in the manufacturing industry. In the late 1940s, Taiichi Ohno, an engineer working for Toyota, presented “just in time” manufacturing to the company’s supply chain. Major players in the software industry recognized that Kanban could significantly enhance the delivery of services and goods at the beginning of the twenty-first century.

7.  Crystal

This is a family of tailored, color-coded, situation-specific approaches. It’s not just a single technique. Crystal can handle different projects, from small teams developing low-criticality systems to large teams developing high-criticality systems, since you can customize each technique by team size and criticality.

8.  Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe)

SAFe for Lean Enterprises is a leading business agility framework. This type of agile methodology combines the strengths of Agile, Lean, and DevOps into an all-encompassing operating system that helps enterprises thrive in the digital age by producing innovative services and goods faster and predictably. SAFe’s scalability and predictability enable any company to customize it to meet its business needs. Its four preconfigured configurations offer a comprehensive range of solutions, from those that need teams to the advanced systems requiring thousands of individuals to create and deliver.

9.  Nexus

Nexus is a framework for software or product development initiatives with 3 to 9 Scrum Teams in Sprints of up to 30 days. It is Ken Schwaber’s answer to Scrum’s scalability. Ken Schwaber is one of Scrum’s founding fathers. Nexus is among the types of agile methodology that require more than the agile behavior and will of different Scrum teams to work in unison to deliver an integrated product. Nexus builds on and is based on the roles and rules formulated in the Scrum guide.

10.  Agile Project Management (AgilePM)

Agile Project Management (AgilePM)

This agile methodology is derived from DSDM and comes from the Agile Business Consortium. In this method, different, permanent non-agile, and agile teams are coordinated for as long as a project lasts. The Agile Project Management method for managing projects comprises a framework with derived principles, a philosophy, and four building blocks: products, workflows, people, and applications. The AgilePM philosophy is that all projects should be aligned to clearly defined business goals and concentrate on delivering products that provide real value to a business organization.

11.  PRINCE2 Agile

This type of agile methodology is derived from AXELOS PRINCE2, and it includes both the agile and existing PRINCE2 way of thinking. Agile’s way of thinking should be seen as agile concepts, behavior, focus areas, frameworks, and techniques. The existing PRINCE2 processes, themes, and principles remain but must be tailored based on the project and the agile working method. In PRINCE2 Agile, the emphasis lies in using PRINCE2 within project management and project direction and an agile approach in delivering the product. Based on the project situation, you may apply less or more of the agile or PRINCE2 way of thinking.

12.  Project Half Double

A community of devoted project management practitioners passionate about their endeavors run Project Half Double. A community of project management practitioners iteratively co-created this agile methodology. Its methodology is based on flow, impact, local translation, and leadership. With these four building blocks, teams can achieve more quickly. The impact is about satisfying stakeholders. Leadership shows that it is vital for leaders to embrace uncertainty and ensure a project happens. Flow represents frequent interaction and high intensity in project work. Local translation means its users must tailor it to their organization’s needs.

13.  Disciplined Agile (DA)

This type of agile methodology covers typical business product development and one-time projects. DA has a process decision toolkit describing how DevOps, agile software development, business and IT teams work in enterprise-class settings. DA provides a portfolio process where, apart from projects, various typical business aspects are considered, like the operational management of current IT solutions and permanent teams.

14.  PMI Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP)

PMI Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP)

PMI-ACP is not a standalone framework, but a certification based on various books (and the underlying techniques and frameworks described in them. Seven domains are identified within this agile methodology example, and every one of them is subdivided into various task areas. The domains include value-driven delivery, Agile principles and framework, team performance, stakeholder management, problem detection and solutions, continuous improvement, and adaptive planning.

15.  Agile Digital Services (AgileDS)

This agile methodology ensures continuous operations, delivery, maintenance, and support of the service in question (permanent agile delivery team utilizing the service/product lifecycle.

16.  Scrum at Scale (S@S)

Alex Brown and Jeff Sutherland developed this modular framework. Its starting point Is that it is impossible to have an all-encompassing one-size-fits-all framework, but each time, we must scale the underlying Scrum principles. You can tailor S@S for your organization if you ask for the necessary S@S modules. This framework builds on the popular Scrum framework. Therefore, we can say that S@S is Jeff Sutherland’s answer on Scrum’s scalability.

17.  Large-Scale Scrum (LeSS)

Bas Vodde and Craig Larman are the developers of this agile methodology. Its rules are based on performing experiments and on principles. The Less Firm provides a freely accessible knowledge base called less works that comprises the process descriptions, principles, integrated approach, roles, definitions, and examples, among other details, for IT-related, large-scale product development. Transparency is also a major concept within LeSS. The developers introduced the first version in 2005, and since then, they have constantly improved LeSS.

18.  Agile SHIFT

This type of agile methodology emphasizes delivering value continuously and early. Agile SHIFT encourages organizations to identify consumer needs, prioritize work based on value, and define value propositions. The methodology’s value-driven approach ensures that initiatives and projects align with objectives and provide stakeholders with tangible outcomes.

19.  Management of portfolios (MoP)

Management of portfolios (MoP)

This project portfolio management methodology applies to all kinds of organizations. It offers the steps users need to create and operate a chance initiative portfolio (a portfolio of programs and projects in an organization. MoP mandates 5 principles for portfolio management. It’s possible to apply them in various project portfolios and situations. You must apply all 5 principles, but you may tailor them according to the organization’s situation without losing the principles’ core values. The 5 principles include Strategy Alignment, Governance Alignment, Senior Management Commitment, Energized Change Culture, and Portfolio Office.

20.  Toyota Production System (TPS)

Toyota developed this type of agile methodology, which borrowed ideas from Ford. Yet, the methodology developed the just-in-time philosophy pull concept to address the high expenses or issues linked to Ford’s huge inventories. TPS is an integrated system consisting of its practices and management philosophy.

21.  Praxis

This agile methodology stands out in its comprehensive scope and integrates all project delivery elements, including programs, projects, and portfolios. Praxis is the only framework that offers a pathway for teams, individuals, and organizations to develop efficiency and effectiveness in project delivery.

22.  Holacracy

A holocracy is a type of organizational governance where no subordinates or leaders exist, unlike a hierarchy. Instead of using terms like employee and position, this form of organizational governance uses the term role. Every role has its domains of influence, a defined purpose, and accountabilities. When employees are acting out a certain role, they are authorized to make independent decisions which enhance and improve the way the role is fulfilled. Organizations can use this type of agile methodology to make teams more agile.

23.  Sociocracy 3.0 (S3)

This is a social technology for evolving resilient and agile organizations of any size. This includes small start-ups, multiagency collaboration, and large international networks. Launched in 2015, Sociocracy 3.0 patterns have assisted individuals across many organizational contexts to benefit the most from collaboration. With this agile methodology, your organization can successfully achieve its objectives and navigate complexity. Organizations can make changes gradually without having to make sudden radical reorganizations. With S3, you can figure out the best way to meet the most significant challenges in your organization, use the opportunities you encounter well, and resolve persistent issues.

24.  Behavior-Driven Development (BDD)

Behavior-Driven Development (BDD)

This agile methodology example is a test-first, agile testing practice that offers built-in quality by potentially automating and defining tests before or as part of specifying the behavior of a system. Behavior-driven development is a collaborative process that creates a shared understanding of the needs of the agile team and the business. In this software development methodology, an application is designed and documented around the behaviors users expect when interacting with it.

25.  OpenSpace Agility (OSA)

This is a repeatable technique for obtaining a lasting and quick Agile adoption. It works with what the users currently do, and they can add it anytime. For executive leaders, this type of agile methodology is a template that operationalizes Lean’s core values, namely continuous improvement, and respect for people. If you are an executive who is committed to these values, OSA is an efficient, effective, and simple way forward.

26. Test Driven Development (TDD)

TDD is a style of programming whereby three activities, testing, coding, and design, are interwoven tightly. Users of this type of agile methodology should write one unit test that describes a program’s aspect. They should then run the test, which should fail since the program does not have that feature. Users should write the simplest possible code to ensure the test passes. They should then refactor the code to meet the simplicity criteria and repeat accumulation unit tests continually.


1.  What is the Agile Method in Project Management?

The agile method is a set of strategies and ideas for managing and completing projects. Within this method, some frameworks act as guidelines to enable teams to enact the ideas in practice.

2.  What is Scrum in Agile?

Scrum is an agile approach that includes various well-developed processes for innovation. In scrum, brief work cycles are structured in self-organizing teams to achieve continuous improvement. Scrum in agile assists teams to work together, solve issues in brief cycles, and manage work.

3.  What are the several types of agile process methodologies?

Dozens of methodologies exist. The main several types of agile process methodologies are Kanban, Scrum, Lean Development, Extreme Programming, and Crystal.

4.  What are the core principles of Agile methodology?

The core principles of agile methods are communication, teamwork, and metrics driven. Typically, agile teams are divided into small groups known as POD teams.

5.  What are the three C’s of agile practice?”

One of them is a card, which is a brief description of the business need that acts as a token and articulates the business need clearly. The other c is conversion, which is continuous feedback and collaborative communication among team members so that they can know exactly what to do. The other c is confirmation, which is verifying that team members have the same articulation and understanding of one of several acceptance criteria that define the meaning of “done for the user story.


The Agile Development technique is an overhauled method of developing software products emphasizing speed and adaptability. Nowadays, the Agile development methodologies are used to generate many digital products. Agile generates vital metrics like cycle time, lead time and throughput that help in locating bottlenecks, evaluating a team’s performance, and making data-driven decisions. An agile framework is a valuable tool, which benefits team members, managers, and clients.


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